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Since the city has hosted the Great North Run, a marathon which attracts over 57, runners each year. The first recorded settlement in what is now Newcastle was Pons Aelius and it was given the family name of the Roman Emperor Hadrian, who founded it in the 2nd century AD. This rare honour suggests Hadrian may have visited the site and instituted the bridge on his tour of Britain, Pons Aelius population at this period was estimated at 2, Fragments of Hadrians Wall are visible in parts of Newcastle, particularly along the West Road, the course of the Roman Wall can be traced eastwards to the Segedunum Roman fort in Wallsend—the walls end—and to the supply fort Arbeia in South Shields.

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After the Roman departure from Britain, completed in , Newcastle became part of the powerful Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria, conflicts with the Danes in left the river Tyne and its settlements in ruin. After the conflicts with the Danes, and following the rebellion against the Normans, Monkchester was all, because of its strategic position, Robert Curthose, son of William the Conqueror, erected a wooden castle there in the year The town was known as Novum Castellum or New Castle.

The wooden structure was replaced by a castle in The castle was again in during the reign of Henry II. Much of the keep which can be seen in the city dates from this period. Throughout the Middle Ages, Newcastle was Englands northern fortress, incorporated first by Henry II, the city had a new charter granted by Elizabeth in Cordwainer — A cordwainer is a shoemaker who makes new shoes from new leather.

The cordwainers trade can be contrasted with the trade, according to a tradition in Britain that restricted cobblers to repairing shoes. According to the OED, the term is now considered obsolete except where it persists in the name of a trade-guild or company, the terms cordwainer and cobbler have often been considered not interchangeable, according to a tradition in Britain that restricted cobblers to repairing shoes. In this usage, a cordwainer is someone who makes new shoes using new leather, medieval cordovan leather was used for the highest quality shoes, but cordwainers also used domestically produced leathers and were not solely producers of luxury footwear.

In the historic London guild system, the cobblers and cordwainers were separate guilds, historically, cobblers also made shoes but only using old leather recovered from discarded or repaired shoes. Today, many makers of bespoke shoes will also repair their own work, in London, the occupation of cordwainer was historically controlled by the guild of the Worshipful Company of Cordwainers.

William Mitford (singer-songwriter)

They were granted a charter of incorporation in , but had received their first ordinance in The ward of the City of London named Cordwainer is historically where most cordwainers lived and worked, until , a Cordwainers Technical College existed in London. For over a hundred years, the College had been recognised as one of the leading establishments for training shoemakers.

It produced some of the fashion designers, including Jimmy Choo. Cordwainers were among those who sailed to Virginia in to settle in Jamestown, by , the secretary of Virginia reported that the leather and shoe trades were flourishing.

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Christopher Nelme, of England, was the earliest shoemaker in America whose name has recorded, he sailed to Virginia from Bristol, England. In , the Pilgrims landed in Massachusetts near the site of modern Provincetown, nine years later, in , the first shoemakers arrived, bringing their skills with them.

The Tyne Songster (W topics

The Honourable Cordwainers Company, a guild, was founded in by a group of shoemakers and historians. Cordwainers were also among the settlers of Canada. By 27 June, the thirteen transport ships following the Sphinx reached the harbour with the initial British settlers, among them were nineteen cordwainers. Spital Tongues — Spital Tongues is a historic area of Newcastle upon Tyne, located north west of the city centre. Its unusual name is believed to be derived from spital — a corruption of the hospital that is quite commonly found in UK place names - and tongues.

The first St Mary Magdalene Hospital was founded in the 12th century to care for victims of leprosy and this was sited well outside the town, close to the present-day site of Lloyds TSB bank at the northern end of Northumberland Street. The St Mary Magdalene Hospital was a hospital in the rather than the modern sense, concerned not with curing. Today, such an establishment would be called an almshouse, in , the hospital was moved to a new location behind the Hancock Museum, before in turn being replaced in by 38 purpose-built bungalows in Spital Tongues. These properties are still known as St Mary Magdalene Hospital.

The charity had previously leased the house and grounds to William Hunter, a new home, still extant today, was designed by the architect Edward Shrewbrook and opened with great ceremony in This occupied the site of the Moor Lodge kitchen garden, and was extended with the addition of the Richardson Wing in The name of the hospital was changed to St Mary Magdalene Home in Hunters Moor Hospital was home for the Regional Neurological Rehabilitation Centre until when the Centre moved to new purpose built accommodation at Walkergate Hospital, the site of Hunters Moor Hospital has been acquired by Dame Allans Schools for development as a purpose built primary school.

Originally some way from the centre of Newcastle, Spital Tongues was considered to be a place, surrounded by the large open spaces of the Town Moor.

Over the last fifty years, new development has nibbled away at these spaces, much of it related to the expansion of Newcastle University. Nevertheless, for a place located less than 1 mile from the city centre, Spital Tongues retains a remarkable sense of separation.

Indeed, many residents continue to refer to Spital Tongues as the village. Another feature adding to Spital Tongues erstwhile attractiveness was the existence of its own water supply, the Pandon Burn came out of the ground at a spring in what is now Fountain Row, before running its course to the Tyne. This route crossed the road at what is now Barras Bridge, the bridge arch is still extant beneath the modern road, while the river is now culverted for the entire length of its journey between Spital Tongues and the Tyne.

The duo have released four albums and one EP on their own label and their live performances feature Stu playing a guitar or mandolin as backing to their vocal harmonies. The duo met while singing in Cleveland Youth Choir before moving to London to allow Debbie to study classical music while Stu became involved with a rock band. In they began making their own music and released their first album, On The Side, Megson named themselves after Debbies family dog, who at the time had just died. They had originally decided upon The Ghost of Meg, but their family, megsons first album, On The Side, consisted of a mixture of self-penned and traditional songs.

Their third album, Take Yourself A Wife, was recorded while they were planning their wedding and consists of their own take on traditional and Victorian folk songs.

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The Longshot, consists of songs about work from the North East of England and their own experiences of English culture, especially sport, when I was a lad features traditional childhood songs and new compositions written for their first child. Live captures a performance at Hitchen Folk Club, in a box consists of songs about the way we live - then and now. It is situated in an area which separates Leazes Park and Spital Tongues and it has been in common ownership for over years. It would have replaced the nearby St James Park, but instead the club decided to expand St James Park to over 50, seats, as of the Castle Leazes Halls are Newcastle Universitys largest Catered Halls of Residence, with 1, student study bedrooms.

They were fictionalised as Sleaze Castle in the book of the same name. In May a fire out in the hall, caused by a faulty extractor fan. More than 30 students were evacuated and were moved to another floor for the remainder of the term. Tyneside — Tyneside is a conurbation in North East England which includes a number of settlements on the banks of the River Tyne. The population of the conurbation was , according to the census, Tyneside is historically part of the counties of Northumberland and County Durham.

Today it spans four local authority districts, the City of Newcastle upon Tyne, according to data from ONS population estimates, the Tyne population, including the four local authority districts, was , Tyneside is the 7th largest conurbation in England, and home to over 80 percent of the population of Tyne, the other two large settlements in Tyne and Wear—Sunderland and Washington—form the separate Wearside conurbation.

William Mitford (singer-songwriter) | Revolvy

The people of the Tyneside area, called Geordies, have a reputation for their distinctive dialect and accent. Coal was first known to be dug in Tyneside from superficial seams in around , coal was dug from local drift mines and bell pits, and although initially only used locally, it was exported from the port of Newcastle from the mid 14th century onwards. Tyneside had an advantage as far as the coal trade was concerned, because collier brigs could be loaded with coal on the Tyne. In fact, the burgesses of Newcastle formed a cartel, and were known as the Hostmen, the Hostmen were able gain a monopoly over all of the coal exported from Tyneside, a monopoly which lasted a considerable time.

A well-known group of workers on the river were the keelmen who handled the keels, the valley of the River Derwent, a major tributary of the Tyne that rises in County Durham, saw the development of the steel industry from around onwards. This was led by German immigrant cutlers and sword-makers, probably from around Solingen, there is still a working shipyard in Wallsend. From early in the 19th century, it was a custom to hold races on the Tyne. The river had a number of keelmen and wherrymen, who handled boats as part of their jobs.

As on the River Thames, there were competitions to show who was the best oarsman, as a wherryman did not earn very much, professional rowing was seen as a quick way of earning extra money. The crews would usually have backers, who would put up the stake money, in the days before mass attendances at football matches, races on the river were enormously popular, with tens of thousands attending. Betting would go on both before and during a race, the odds changing as the fortunes of the contestants changed. Contestants who became champions of the Tyne would often challenge the champions of the River Thames.

He would perform often in his own public house. He moved on from here to the "Tailor's Arms", which was more central at the head of "The Side". Mention of his being there was made in by William Watson.

English songwriters

He died there on 3 March at the age of The main character he seemed to write about was Bob Cranky, a habitual braggart, and written in his 20s. In the early 19th century, as today, there were cheap books and magazines. The works were copied with no thoughts of copyright, and the work required very little proof-reading, and what was done was not required to a high standard. Consequently the dialect words of songs varied between editions. The books were produced in bulk, at very little cost, and provided a good income for the producers.

They reflected popular taste, and were sold, usually for a penny or less. Newcastle was during this period the second largest producer of chapbooks in the country. One such chapbook was the Newcastle Songster, Which containing in total 11 songs, and was published by J Marshall of the Old Flesh Market, with a cover which read: The Newcastle Songster, being a choice collection of songs, descriptive of the language and manners of the common people of Newcastle upon Tyne and the neighbourhood.

Number 1 of the series refers to the building of the High Level Bridge, and therefore cannot be before A number of the songs, including "The pitman's courtship" date from the early 19th century.