This space is intended to remove barriers to trade and investment and promote reforms and competitiveness, based on the principles of non-discrimination, transparency, and good governance. Among the wide range of actions foreseen, a number of new dialogues are to be launched. Cooperation will be stepped up on regulatory policy, investment issues, competition , financial services , telecommunications , transport , energy , space activities and space launching , etc.
Environment issues including nuclear safety and the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol also figure prominently. Work on this space has already made a large step forward with the conclusion of negotiations on the Visa Facilitation and the Readmission Agreements. Both the EU and Russia are in the process of ratifying these agreements. The visa dialogue will continue with a view to examine the conditions for a mutual visa-free travel regime as a long-term perspective.
Cooperation on combating terrorism and other forms of international illegal activities such as money laundering , the fight against drugs and trafficking in human beings will continue as well as on document security through the introduction of biometric features in a range of identity documents. The EU support to border management and reform of the Russian judiciary system are among the highlights of this space. With a view to contributing to the concrete implementation of the road map, the Justice and Home Affairs PPC met on 13 October and agreed to organise clusters of conferences and seminars, bringing together experts and practitioners on counter-terrorism, cyber-crime , document security and judicial cooperation.
The road map underlines the shared responsibility of the parties for an international order based on effective multilateralism , their support for the central role of the UN , and for the effectiveness in particular of the OSCE and the Council of Europe. The parties will strengthen their cooperation on security and crisis management in order to address global and regional challenges and key threats , notably terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction WMD.
They will give particular attention to securing stability in the regions adjacent to Russian and EU borders the "frozen conflicts" in Transnistria , Abkhazia , South Ossetia , Nagorno-Karabakh. It aims at capitalising on the strength of the EU and Russian research communities and cultural and intellectual heritage by reinforcing links between research and innovation and closer cooperation on education such as through convergence of university curricula and qualifications.
It also lays a firm basis for cooperation in the cultural field. Russia and the EU continue to work together under Horizon , which runs from to On 4 May , the EU and Russian Federation raised the prospect of beginning negotiations on a visa-free regime between their territories. They will instead work towards providing Russia with a "roadmap for visa-free travel. Russia on the other hand has agreed that should the roadmap be established, it will ease access for EU citizens for whom access is not visa-free at this point, largely as a result of Russian foreign policy which states that "visa free travel must be reciprocal between states.
The dialogue was temporarily frozen by the EU in March during the Crimean crisis. Recommendations for Western Policy", discussing the renewed Western strategy towards Russia in the wake of increased tensions between Putin's regime and EU. Their recommendations include visa liberalization for Russian citizens in order to "improve people-to-people contacts and to send a strong signal that there is no conflict with Russian society".
In an article published to Italian media on 26 May , he said that the next step in Russia's growing integration with the West should be EU membership. Due to the Ukrainian crisis in the deputy chief editor of JEF magazine treffpunkteuropa Tobias Gerhard Schminke appealed to European leaders to think about a long-term perspective for Russian EU membership to secure enduring peace for Eastern Europe.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Dmitry Medvedev Government Cabinet 55th. Federal Assembly Federation Council Chairman: Valentina Matviyenko State Duma 7th convocation Chairman: Presidential elections Legislative elections Central Election Commission Electoral geography Political parties List of presidential candidates. Federal subjects Heads of federal subjects Regional parliaments. Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister: Russia in the European energy sector. Future enlargement of the European Union. European Union portal Russia portal International relations portal. Retrieved 11 June Retrieved 9 March Gazprom Encounters EU Regulation".
How Much Is That? Begins a Test of Wills". The New York Times. Commission sends Statement of Objections to Gazprom for alleged abuse of dominance on Central and Eastern European gas supply markets". Play by the Rules".
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First Armenia, Now Ukraine". European Union External Action. Retrieved 6 May Council of the European Union. Retrieved 20 August Archived from the original on 10 March Retrieved 30 April Archived from the original on 4 April Archived from the original on 2 April Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved 4 December Stop opposing Vladmir Putin in Ukraine and join forces to defeat Islamic terrorists".
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Institute of Modern Russia. Archived from the original on 21 February Retrieved 4 April Donetsk votes for new reality in country that does not exist". Retrieved 23 December Prearranged ballots for Kremlin-backed breakaway regions". Retrieved 20 March Retrieved 19 March Retrieved 23 March Retrieved 3 February Retrieved 14 April Retrieved 27 October Czech intelligence report notable for direct accusations against Russian, Chinese actors Radio Prague".
Uses authors parameter link "An Open Letter". Retrieved 6 January Retrieved 17 January How the Kremlin's media are distorting the UK's debate". The Institute for Statecraft. Nimmo, Ben 16 June Retrieved 2 November Russians behind coup attempt, plot to kill PM". Retrieved 7 November Retrieved 28 November Retrieved 20 November Its main strategic role will be to constitute a collection of U.
Thus, the Russians are somewhat amused to see Europe fretting so much about the U. Certainly, they note, Americans are not leaving Europe in the lurch: Clearly, transatlantic relations at all levels are closer than any other kind of similar relations in the modern world. And there is no doubt whatsoever that Washington will keep NATO as its key strategic asset as the 21st century unfolds: Yet, the European sense of psychological dependence on the United States is striking. Given this assessment, Moscow will maintain a largely transactional attitude toward Europe.
How Russia Sees Europe After the Euro Crisis
It will press for visa-free access for its citizens to the Schengen countries, even as it imposes restrictions on its own officials over bank accounts and assets in Europe. Finally, it will compete with the EU over the future economic and political orientation of Eastern European countries like Ukraine and Moldova. Europe will continue to be too absorbed in its own affairs to pay much attention to Russia.
Even so, it will influence not only Russian thinking, but also Russian policies. More European business exposure to Russia will aid modernization of Russian society, not just its economy. Of course, Europe would make Russians feel much more European if it became more open and welcoming to Russian travelers. By contrast, there is a question of whether parliaments in Europe should follow the example of the U.
Congress and pass their own versions of the Magnitsky Act, instituting open lists of Russian officials subjected to sanctions for human rights violations. If any European legislature decides to go for that, it would be a very risky gamble, to say the least. The quest for this only heightened after two World Wars with their terrible scourge.
Thus the process of European integration was launched starting in It has proved that not only sovereign states can find satisfactory peaceful solutions to long-term disputes which had previously led to devastating conflicts, but also how they can explore opportunities through mutually beneficial cooperation rather than traditional competition. Moscow regarded this with great and ever-growing suspicion as the consolidation of opposing economic and military potentials and a kind of springboard for its archrival the USA. Then and now Moscow made fun of the EU as a stooge and protectorate of the USA, an entity whose foreign policy and even economy are controlled from the other shore of the Atlantic.
Then and now the Russian strategy was to unravel European integration, to confront it with its own integration projects and tear off Europe from the US command and cooperation.
Russia–European Union relations - Wikipedia
In this vein, Moscow had a stake in those European forces that argued for a constructive, respectful dialogue with Moscow. However, today, after the relations have soured so much, it is clear that Moscow and Brussels are to formulate and promote a new pattern of interaction having in mind how closely they are connected historically, economically and politically. Officially Moscow is pleading for reviving an equitable partnership and an even-handed cooperation between the EU and the Russia-dominated alliances and groupings.
This could be a hard task in the ambiance of a new self-assertive and stronger Russia and with the EU becoming more politicised and tumultuous, as both sides are turning into rather rigid, inflexible negotiating partners. It stresses the need for a stronger Europe, especially now, in the aftermath of the UK referendum on EU membership.
However, the goal of enhancing ties and dialogue with Brussels, even in times of crisis and rising divergences is evident to many Russian experts and politicians. That does not mean, of course, that Moscow will stop to exploit the growing weakness of European institutions: All this could lead either to a kind of catharsis like the Chinese see any crisis as a source for new opportunities or to an imminent overall debacle. The economic crisis that started in has not yet ended. Russian experts like to stress that almost no strictly political action plans since the adoption of the Maastricht Treaty have proven very successful.
The common line in such analysis is that the EU is now divided at least in three groups: They emphasise that European unity is in crisis, and it remains unclear whether the EU can recover its overall effectiveness and its ability to promote the development of each Member State.
However, the current turn of tide in European integration is not a sign of death. Germany will continue to pursue its long-time policy of EU consolidation trying to bring the integration process to its final stage. Also, many states are actually economically dependent on or benefit from Brussels. Still Russia is working hard to show it is reorienting eastwards; its trade with China in for the first time prevailing over the one with Germany. A promising area of collaboration is, however paradoxical, the fight against the Islamist terrorist threat and cooperation on regional security issues.
Actually, the EU enthusiasm over military cooperation has now practically disappeared; is restricted to limited policing or peacekeeping missions. Ukraine, no doubt, remains the major salient dilemma. The sanctions adopted since , have been the first since the Cold war and applying economic pressure on Moscow and continuously extended every half year, they have further exacerbated the bilateral tensions, actually rupturing many avenues of dialogue. They have instilled the feeling in Russian society, currently very keen on regaining almost great power status in world politics and military affairs, that the EU and Europe are not friendly partners and by no means a model for replication.
Real progress has to be made on this issue before relations can return to normal. In my eyes it is clear that the Minsk II agreement frequently saluted by the leading EU members and its members in the Normandy format talks is almost defunct. Furthermore, Moscow will observe jealously any EU attempts to extend its influence and presence in the post-Soviet are. This means that we could indeed expect growing tensions and competition regarding EU moves to strengthen cooperation not only with Kyiv but also with Moldova, Belarus, any Black Sea and Balkan states and even with the Central Asian countries.
Consequently, Moscow would only be happy to see Eastern Partnership wither, as much as it understands that Brussels also will strive to prove that for Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova, the European Union remains a more attractive option than Russia and the Eurasian Economic Union.