It has a population of about 26,, the Klosterneuburg Monastery, which was established in and soon after given to the Augustinians, is of particular historical importance. It is located on the Danube River, immediately north of the Austrian capital Vienna and it has been separated from its twin city of Korneuburg on the left bank of the Danube since the river changed its course during the Late Middle Ages.
Both towns are connected by a ferry link. The municipal area comprises the northern tip of the Donauinsel as well as the m high Mt. Exelberg with its telecommunication tower and its town centre has two main shopping areas, the Niedermarkt and the Rathausplatz, separated by a steep hill. The town is linked to the Austrian capital and houses some of the most affluent citizens of Lower Austria. The town is the site of industry and, whilst not belonging to Vienna, has almost the feel of a suburb.
The Essl Museum of contemporary art and the Institute of Science, archaeological findings denote a settlement of the area already during the Neolithic period. In the Roman era, a fort of the Danubian limes stood at the site of Klosterneuburg on the border of the Pannonia. After Charlemagne had defeated the Avars, a Carolingian settlement in the newly established Avar March recorded as Omundesdorf may correspond to the site of the town, Klosterneuburg itself was first mentioned as Nivvenburc in a deed.
In it became the residence of the Babenberg margrave Leopold III and this order is one of the oldest and richest of its kind in Austria, it owned much of the land upon which today the north-western suburbs of Vienna stand. Later, Duke Leopold VI of Austria also had his residence there during parts of his reign and it was also here where Leopold VIs eldest son climbed a tree, fell and died. The market on the river bank quickly developed in conjunction with the famous monastery on the right bank. While the Danube was an important waterway trade route, it also affected the citizens by floods.
The town was devastated by Ottoman forces both in the Siege of Vienna and the Battle of Vienna.
In the 18th century Emperor Charles VI, who could not prevail in the War of the Spanish Succession, the construction of the Baroque buildings began in , however, it did not survive an initial phase. After the Austrian defeat in the Battle of Austerlitz, the town was occupied by Napoleonic troops until , a winemakers town during the 19th century, Klosterneuburg developed to a recreational and residential area of Austrian officials working in the nearby capital.
At the end of Wien-Umgebung District was dissolved and Klosterneuburg became a part of Tulln, the obverse shows a view of the abbey from the slopes of the Leopoldsberg in the Alps. Trumpet — A trumpet is a musical instrument commonly used in classical and jazz ensembles. The trumpet group contains the instruments with the highest register in the brass family, trumpets are used in art music styles, for instance in orchestras, concert bands, and jazz ensembles, as well as in popular music.
They are played by blowing air through almost-closed lips, producing a sound that starts a standing wave vibration in the air column inside the instrument. Early trumpets did not provide means to change the length of tubing, most trumpets have valves of the piston type, while some have the rotary type. The use of rotary-valved trumpets is more common in orchestral settings, each valve, when engaged, increases the length of tubing, lowering the pitch of the instrument. A musician who plays the trumpet is called a trumpet player or trumpeter, the earliest trumpets date back to BC and earlier.
The bronze and silver trumpets from Tutankhamuns grave in Egypt, bronze lurs from Scandinavia, trumpets from the Oxus civilization of Central Asia have decorated swellings in the middle, yet are made out of one sheet of metal, which is considered a technical wonder. The Shofar, made from a ram horn and the Hatzotzeroth and they were played in Solomons Temple around years ago.
They were said to be used to blow down the walls of Jericho and they are still used on certain religious days. The Salpinx was a straight trumpet 62 inches long, made of bone or bronze, Salpinx contests were a part of the original Olympic Games. The Moche people of ancient Peru depicted trumpets in their art going back to AD, the earliest trumpets were signaling instruments used for military or religious purposes, rather than music in the modern sense, and the modern bugle continues this signaling tradition.
Improvements to instrument design and metal making in the late Middle Ages, the natural trumpets of this era consisted of a single coiled tube without valves and therefore could only produce the notes of a single overtone series. Changing keys required the player to change crooks of the instrument, the development of the upper, clarino register by specialist trumpeters—notably Cesare Bendinelli—would lend itself well to the Baroque era, also known as the Golden Age of the natural trumpet. During this period, a vast body of music was written for virtuoso trumpeters, the art was revived in the midth century and natural trumpet playing is again a thriving art around the world.
The melody-dominated homophony of the classical and romantic periods relegated the trumpet to a role by most major composers owing to the limitations of the natural trumpet. Berlioz wrote in , Notwithstanding the real loftiness and distinguished nature of its quality of tone, there are few instruments that have been more degraded. The attempt to give the trumpet more chromatic freedom in its range saw the development of the keyed trumpet, the symphonies of Mozart, Beethoven, and as late as Brahms, were still played on natural trumpets.
Timpani — Timpani, or kettledrums, are musical instruments in the percussion family. A type of drum, they consist of a skin called a head stretched over a large bowl traditionally made of copper and they are played by striking the head with a specialized drum stick called a timpani stick or timpani mallet. Timpani evolved from military drums to become a staple of the orchestra by the last third of the 18th century.
Today, they are used in many types of ensembles, including concert bands, marching bands, orchestras. Timpani is an Italian plural, the singular of which is timpano and they are also often incorrectly termed timpanis. A musician who plays the timpani is a timpanist, alternative spellings with y in place of either or both is—tympani, tympany, or timpany—are occasionally encountered in older English texts. Although the word timpani has been adopted in the English language.
The German word for timpani is Pauken, the French and Spanish is timbales, the Ashanti pair of talking drums are known as atumpan. The tympanum is defined in the Etymologiae of St. Isidore of Seville, est enim pars media symphoniae in similitudinem cribri. Tympanum autem dictum quod medium est, unde, et margaritum medium tympanum dicitur, et ipsum ut symphonia ad virgulam percutitur. The tympanum is skin or hide stretched over a wooden vessel which extends out.
It is said by the symphonias to resemble a sieve, but has also likened to half a pearl. It is struck with a wand, beating time for the symphonia, the reference comparing the tympanum to half a pearl is borrowed from Pliny the Elder. The basic timpani drum consists of a drumhead stretched across the opening of a bowl made of copper or, in less expensive models, fiberglass.
In the Sachs—Hornbostel classification, the timpani are thus considered membranophones, the heads tension can be adjusted by loosening or tightening the rods. Most timpani have six to eight tension rods, the shape of the bowl contributes to the quality of the drum. For example, hemispheric bowls produce brighter tones while parabolic bowls produce darker tones, another factor that affects the timbre of the drum is the quality of the bowls surface.
Copper bowls may have a smooth, machined surface or a surface with many small dents hammered into it. Woodwind instrument — Woodwind instruments are a family of musical instruments within the more general category of wind instruments. There are two types of woodwind instruments, flutes and reed instruments. What differentiates these instruments from other instruments is the way in which they produce their sound.
Examples are a saxophone, a bassoon and a piccolo, flutes produce sound by directing a focused stream of air below the edge of a hole in a cylindrical tube. The flute family can be divided into two sub-families, open flutes and closed flutes, to produce a sound with an open flute, the player is required to blow a stream of air across a sharp edge that then splits the airstream. This split airstream then acts upon the air contained within the flutes hollow causing it to vibrate. Examples of open flutes are the flute, panpipes and shakuhachi. Ancient flutes of this variety were often made from sections of plants such as grasses, reeds.
Later, flutes were made of such as tin, copper. Modern concert flutes are made of high-grade metal alloys, usually containing nickel, silver, copper. To produce a sound with a flute, the player is required to blow air into a duct. This duct acts as a channel bringing the air to a sharp edge, as with the open flutes, the air is then split, this causes the column of air within the closed flute to vibrate and produce sound. Examples of this type of include the recorder, ocarina. Reed instruments produce sound by focusing air into a mouthpiece which then causes a reed, or reeds, similar to flutes, Reed pipes are also further divided into two types, single reed and double reed.
Single-reed woodwinds produce sound by placing a reed onto the opening of a mouthpiece, when air is forced between the reed and the mouthpiece, the reed causes the air column in the instrument to vibrate and produce its unique sound. Single reed instruments include the clarinet, saxophone, and others such as the chalumeau, double-reed instruments use two precisely cut, small pieces of cane bound together at the base. This form of production has been estimated to have originated in the middle to late Neolithic period.
The finished, bound reed is inserted into the instrument and vibrates as air is forced between the two pieces and this family of reed pipes is subdivided further into another two sub-families, exposed double reed, and capped double reed instruments. Brass instrument — A brass instrument is a musical instrument that produces sound by sympathetic vibration of air in a tubular resonator in sympathy with the vibration of the players lips.
Brass instruments are also called labrosones, literally meaning lip-vibrated instruments, there are several factors involved in producing different pitches on a brass instrument. The view of most scholars is that the brass instrument should be defined by the way the sound is made, as above. Thus one finds brass instruments made of wood, like the alphorn, the cornett, the serpent, as valved instruments are predominant among the brasses today, a more thorough discussion of their workings can be found below. The valves are usually piston valves, but can be rotary valves, slide brass instruments use a slide to change the length of tubing.
The main instruments in this category are the family, though valve trombones are occasionally used. The trombone familys ancestor, the sackbut, and the folk instrument bazooka are also in the slide family, there are two other families that have, in general, become functionally obsolete for practical purposes. Instruments of both types, however, are used for period-instrument performances of Baroque or Classical pieces.
In more modern compositions, they are used for their intonation or tone color. Natural brass instruments only play notes in the harmonic series. These include the bugle and older variants of the trumpet and horn, the trumpet was a natural brass instrument prior to about , and the horn before about In the 18th century, makers developed interchangeable crooks of different lengths, natural instruments are still played for period performances and some ceremonial functions, and are occasionally found in more modern scores, such as those by Richard Wagner and Richard Strauss.
Keyed or Fingered brass instruments used holes along the body of the instrument and these included the cornett, serpent, ophicleide, keyed bugle and keyed trumpet. They are more difficult to play than valved instruments, Brass instruments may also be characterised by two generalizations about geometry of the bore, that is, the tubing between the mouthpiece and the flaring of the tubing into the bell.
Those two generalizations are with regard to the degree of taper or conicity of the bore and the diameter of the bore with respect to its length, cylindrical bore brass instruments are generally perceived as having a brighter, more penetrating tone quality compared to conical bore brass instruments.
~ Lossless Classical Resources
The trumpet, baritone horn and all trombones are cylindrical bore, in particular, the slide design of the trombone necessitates this. Conical bore brass instruments are those in which tubing of constantly increasing diameter predominates, conical bore instruments are generally perceived as having a more mellow tone quality than the cylindrical bore brass instruments. The British brass band group of instruments fall into this category and this includes the flugelhorn, cornet, tenor horn, horn, euphonium and tuba.
Prague — Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. It is the 14th largest city in the European Union and it is also the historical capital of Bohemia. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava river, the city has a temperate climate, with warm summers and chilly winters. Prague has been a political, cultural, and economic centre of central Europe with waxing and waning fortunes during its history and it was an important city to the Habsburg Monarchy and its Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Prague is home to a number of cultural attractions, many of which survived the violence.
The city has more than ten major museums, along with theatres, galleries, cinemas. An extensive modern public transportation system connects the city, also, it is home to a wide range of public and private schools, including Charles University in Prague, the oldest university in Central Europe. Prague is classified as an Alpha- global city according to GaWC studies, Prague ranked sixth in the Tripadvisor world list of best destinations in Its rich history makes it a popular tourist destination, and the city more than 6.
Prague is the fifth most visited European city after London, Paris, Istanbul, the region was settled as early as the Paleolithic age. In the last century BC, the Celts were slowly driven away by Germanic tribes, around the area where present-day Prague stands, the 2nd century map of Ptolemaios mentioned a Germanic city called Casurgis. The construction of what came to be known as the Prague Castle began near the end of the 9th century, the first masonry under Prague Castle dates from the year at the latest.
She ordered a castle and a town called Praha to be built on the site, a 17th century Jewish chronicler David Solomon Ganz, citing Cyriacus Spangenberg, claimed that the city was founded as Boihaem in c. The region became the seat of the dukes, and later kings of Bohemia, under Roman Emperor Otto II the area became a bishopric in Until , the cathedral was dedicated only to Saint Vitus and this cathedral is an excellent example of Gothic architecture and is the largest and most important church in the country.
Cathedral dimensions are by 60 metres, the tower is The current cathedral is the third of a series of buildings at the site. The first church was an early Romanesque rotunda founded by Wenceslaus I and this patron saint was chosen because Wenceslaus had acquired a holy relic — the arm of St. Vitus — from Emperor Henry I. It is also possible that Wenceslaus, wanting to convert his subjects to Christianity more easily, two religious populations, the increasing Christian and decreasing pagan community, lived simultaneously in Prague castle at least until the 11th century.
A much larger and more representative romanesque basilica was built in its spot, though still not completely reconstructed, most experts agree it was a triple-aisled basilica with two choirs and a pair of towers connected to the western transept. The design of the nods to Romanesque architecture of the Holy Roman Empire, most notably to the abbey church in Hildesheim.
The southern apse of the rotunda was incorporated into the transept of the new church because it housed the tomb of St. A bishops mansion was built south of the new church. Construction of the present-day Gothic Cathedral began on 21 November , king John of Bohemia laid the foundation stone for the new building. The first master builder was a Frenchman Matthias of Arras, summoned from the Papal Palace in Avignon, however, he lived to build only the easternmost parts of the choir, the arcades and the ambulatory.
The slender verticality of Late French Gothic and clear, almost rigid respect of proportions distinguish his work today, after Matthias death in , year-old Peter Parler assumed control of the cathedral workshop as master builder. Once he finished all that Matthias left unfinished, he continued according to his own ideas, Parlers bold and innovative design brought in a unique new synthesis of Gothic elements in architecture.
This is best exemplified in the vaults he designed for the choir, the so-called Parlers vaults or net-vaults have double diagonal ribs that span the width of the choir-bay. The crossing pairs of ribs create a construction, which considerably strengthens the vault.
They also give a lively ornamentation to the ceiling, as the interlocking vaulted bays create a zigzag pattern the length of the cathedral. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Masses by Franz Schubert. Retrieved from " https: Schubert was occasionally permitted to lead the Stadtkonvikts orchestra, and Salieri decided to start training him privately in music theory, for male voices and orchestra, and his first symphony 2.
Schubert – Sacred & Secular Choral Works – Sawallisch – Box Set 11CDs
Whatever the reason for omitting part of the text of the Mass ordinary from the musical setting, a Mass being short in this sense does however not exclude that sections based on texts outside the Mass ordinary are added to the composition 6. The voice, however, has a lighter weight than other soprano voices with a brighter timbre 7. Leggero tenor roles in operas, The lyric tenor is a warm voice with a bright, full timbre that is strong but not heavy 8.
Dramatic basso profondo is a basso profondo voice 9.
Mass No. 1 (Schubert) - Wikipedia
It was often used in the Hippodrome in the capital of Constantinople They may also attend to matters, such as scheduling rehearsals, planning a concert season, hearing auditions At the end of Wien-Umgebung District was dissolved and Klosterneuburg became a part of Tulln, the obverse shows a view of the abbey from the slopes of the Leopoldsberg in the Alps The attempt to give the trumpet more chromatic freedom in its range saw the development of the keyed trumpet, the symphonies of Mozart, Beethoven, and as late as Brahms, were still played on natural trumpets Copper bowls may have a smooth, machined surface or a surface with many small dents hammered into it The finished, bound reed is inserted into the instrument and vibrates as air is forced between the two pieces and this family of reed pipes is subdivided further into another two sub-families, exposed double reed, and capped double reed instruments The British brass band group of instruments fall into this category and this includes the flugelhorn, cornet, tenor horn, horn, euphonium and tuba Franz Schubert by Wilhelm August Rieder The house in which Schubert was born, today Nussdorfer Strasse St Germain Auxerrois 1.
Modern replica of the Aquincum hydraulis from AD.
A typical modern 20th-century console, located in St. A choir also known as a quire, chorale or chorus is a musical ensemble of singers. Evensong rehearsal in the quire of York Minster , showing carved choirstalls. Lambrook School choir in the s, a typical school choir. Choir in front of the orchestra.
- Mass No.1, D (Schubert, Franz) - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music.
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Klosterneuburg and Korneuburg background , view from Leopoldsberg. Monastery and town walls. A trumpet is a blown musical instrument commonly used in classical and jazz ensembles. Playing trumpet at Palace Temple. Mandi, Himachal Pradesh , India. Reproduction baroque trumpet by Michael Laird. A pedal on a Dresden timpano—the clutch seen here on the left must be disengaged to change the pitch of the drum.
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The inside, bottom of a Yamaha pedal timpano, showing the mechanical tension-adjusting system. On chain timpani, a chain links the tension rods so a master handle can be used to turn them all at once. High brass x 6 large. Brass instrument piston valves. Flugelhorn with three pistons and a trigger.
Quartet with plastic trombones. St Vitus Prague September Cathedral nave and sanctuary. A view from south: Nikolaus Pacassi finished the uncompleted gothic main tower in the Baroque style. View of the Cathedral and Prague Castle, above the river Vltava. Ludwig van Beethoven listen , ; German: Portrait by Joseph Karl Stieler , Portrait of Beethoven as a young man by Carl Traugott Riedel — Beethoven in , painted by Christian Horneman.
Stereographic card showing an MIT mechanical drafting studio, 19th century photo by E. A map of MIT's Boston campus. Smith" who helped maintain MIT's independence. The MIT Media Lab houses researchers developing novel uses of computer technology and shown here is the building, designed by I. Pei , with an extension right of photo designed by Fumihiko Maki opened in March Sony Store in Markville Shopping Centre in A Sony Action-camera with underwater housing.
Exterior of La Scala. The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, by night. A nineteenth-century depiction of the Teatro alla Scala.
Schubert: Mass No.1 in F major; Salve Regina; Magnificat
Interior of the opera house in Montage of Prague, clockwise from top: Do not see this window again for the duration of the session. Schubert, Franz Peter - Instrumentation: Religious - Sacred Arranger: The original Quoniam and Dona Nobis are included as appendices. Be the first to write down a comment. You are not connected, choose one of two options to submit your comment: Follow this composer Be informed by email for any addition or update of the sheet music and MP3 of this artist.
Collections of free-scores-admin 5 Hungarian folk songs. Haydn's String Quartets Opus Uns ist ein Kind geboren. Sor - Six divertissements pour la guitare Opus 1. Sor - Six divertissements pour la guitare Opus 2. Tchaikovsky's Orchestra Works - I. The Gimo Music Collection.