Must be ordered separately. Single copies of the string parts cannot be ordered. Solo part listed here is solo and piano reduction. KV 67 41h Es-dur 2. KV 68 41i 3. KV 69 41k 4. KV a D-dur 5. KV b F-dur 6. KV B-dur 7. KV a F-dur 8. KV b A-dur 9. KV F-dur 2. KV D-dur 3. KV d G-dur 4. The first four numbered concertos are early works.
The movements of these concertos are arrangements of keyboard sonatas by various contemporary composers Raupach, Honauer, Schobert, Eckart, C. There are also three unnumbered concertos, K. Concertos 7 and 10 are compositions for three and two pianos respectively. The remaining twenty-one are original compositions for solo piano and orchestra. Among them, fifteen were written in the years from to , while in the last five years Mozart wrote just two more piano concertos.
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Mozart's five violin concertos were written in Salzburg around They are notable for the beauty of their melodies and the skillful use of the expressive and technical characteristics of the instrument, though Mozart probably never went through all the violin possibilities that others e. Beethoven and Brahms did after him.
Alfred Einstein notes that the violin concerto—like sections in the serenades are more virtuosic than in the works titled Violin Concertos. Arguably the most widely played concertos for horn , the four Horn Concertos are a major part of most professional horn players' repertoire. They were written for Mozart's lifelong friend Joseph Leutgeb. The concertos especially the fourth were written as virtuoso vehicles that allow the soloist to show a variety of abilities on the valveless horns of Mozart's day.
The Horn Concertos are characterized by an elegant and humorous dialogue between the soloist and the orchestra. Many of the autographs contain jokes aimed at the dedicatee. These were not Mozart's only attempts at the genre; a few other fragmentary works were also composed around the same time, though not completed.
Mozart's earliest composition attempts begin with piano sonatas and other piano pieces, as this is the instrument on which his musical education took place. Almost everything that he wrote for piano was intended to be played by himself or by his sister, also a proficient piano player. Examples of his earliest works are those found in Nannerl's Music Book. Between and he wrote 20 works for piano solo including sonatas, variations , fantasias , suites , fugues , rondo and works for piano four hands and two pianos. He also wrote for piano and violin.
Note the order of the two instruments, for the most part, these are keyboard-centric sonatas where the violin plays a more accompanying role. In later years, the role of the violin grew to not just a support to the other solo instrument, but to build a dialogue with it. The string quintets K. Originally this eight-movement serenade began with a march, K. But the march disappeared for nearly years. When the Mozarts reached Milan in December of , they found themselves in the midst of the myriad problems of operatic production.
Suddenly the youthful genius, remembering that he had the score of the serenade with him, hurriedly pulled it out of a trunk, removed the pages containing the march and solved the problem without more ado. The march was lost when the run of performances came to an end. A few years ago, however, a copy of Mitridate was discovered that contained the march, which can now be restored in performances of both the opera and the serenade. After the opening Allegro, there are three consecutive movements in which solo oboe and horn are highlighted, creating a kind of inset sinfonia concertante.
Milan, November Scoring: The principal evidence is the following: Mozart composed the divertimento on his second tour to Italy, during the month following the successful premiere of his Ascanio in Alba in Milan on October The second version of K. In connection with his stay in Milan, Mozart composed two wind divertimentos, K. It seems likely that Mozart had the same group of wind players in mind when he added the new parts to K. It is also his only four-movement orchestral serenade, although this was to become a standard format of his later wind divertimentos, and it reappears in both Ein musikalischer Spass and Eine kleine Nachtmusik.
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Salzburg, June Scoring: The occasion for the composition is unknown. Its autograph date places it in the summer of , a time of year for which, in and , Mozart provided the serenades K. It is conceivable that K. Its format reverts, however, from the Italianate four-movement sequence of K. Mozart specialist Alfred Einstein has remarked that K.
Vienna, July or early August Scoring: This was probably the march to open and close the Serenade K. Adagio — Allegro assai. Since writing the serenade K. The intervening years had seen the production of numerous minuets for public dancing and the divertimentos K. It is possible that Mozart also wrote the Divertimento K. Salzburg, August Scoring: In this march, composed to go with the serenade K. As usual, Mozart makes a positive virtue of a technical limitation, and achieves sounds unusual even for him.
Andante maestoso — Allegro assai. No less, but possibly more; for like the serenade K. A subtle feature is the sudden appearance of a solo bassoon part in the Trio of the second Minuet. It would have been perfectly possible for one of the musicians to put down his instrument and take up a bassoon for as long as it might be needed. But this was not the case here; rather, in any movement without obbligato bassoon parts, the bassoons are present anyway, playing along on the bass line with the cellos and double basses, according to standard eighteenth-century practice.
In any event, the oboists were doubling on flutes, as in the serenades K. This march was composed as a introduction or exit to the Serenade K. Salzburg, August 5, Scoring: This work, probably completed on August 5, , for the academic festivities, is virtually a twin of the previous serenade K.
Divertimento in B-flat major, K.186/159b (Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus)
Again it offers evidence of the oboists who doubled on flutes and the bassoonist whose participation is highlighted only in the fifth movement. Once again, too, the solo violin comes to the fore and was probably played by Mozart himself. Instead of using either the two oboes or the two flutes, he asks for only one of each and adds a solo bassoon and two horns, thus creating a five-part wind harmony team.
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Salzburg, August 20, Scoring: This march cannot be attributed to any of the serenades, which are all in D. Whether it was written for a serenade now lost or as an occasional piece remains a puzzle. Salzburg, January Scoring: This must have been a work for carnival of The orchestra consists of kettledrums and strings without double basses. However, as in nearly all the tuttis the solo double bass doubles the orchestral cellos, and the expected sixteen-foot sound is heard.
Fragments of fanfares and march rhythms sprinkled throughout the movement cannot disguise the fact that it was written to serve in place of a symphonic movement and for an attentive audience of amateurs and connoiseurs rather than for the parade grounds. The Minuet, as stately as the March, makes good use of the short-long rhythm known variously as the Lombardic rhythm or Scotch snap.
It is neatly contrasted by a more sedate Trio, played by the soloists alone.
Their folksongs are so comical and burlesque that one cannot listen to them without side-splitting laughter. The Punch-and-Judy spirit shines through everywhere, and the melodies are mostly excellent and inimitably beautiful. Salzburg, July 20, Scoring: Mozart wrote the present splendid march to open or close the evening, but it is all too rarely played with the serenade today. Salzburg, July Scoring: In the summer of , Mozart received a commission to write a full-scale serenade for the wedding of Marie Elisabeth Haffner, daughter of a wealthy merchant and burgomaster of Salzburg, Sigmund Haffner, who was a friend of Leopold Mozart and an admirer of his lively young son.
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It is the successor of the serenades of , , and [K. A conventional flourish opens the first march but is forgotten in the recapitulation in favor of a better idea — a melody for oboes and horns with a flowing violin counterpoint. Again, the more or less formal continuation of that first subject becomes — piano and scherzoso — a witty second subject in which the oboe is accompanied by the strings battendo col legno , striking the strings with the wood of the bow.
The second march contains the usual series of good tunes. In the second part, just as in the first march, Mozart disconcertingly forgets all the music of the first part, except for the first four and the last four measures, and produces a string of new tunes — a delightfully cavalier, and probably unique treatment of sonata form on an informal occasion. Among other things, trilling flutes provide bird song. Salzburg, August 3, Scoring: Adagio maestoso — Allegro con spirito.
Allegro ma non troppo. But Mozart dated the work August 3 of that year, suggesting that it was intended for the end of the academic year celebrations held annually in the Kollegienplatz, the square in front of Salzburg University, in the first week in August. Mozart heard it when it was performed in Salzburg in , by a traveling theatrical troupe. The first violins, the bassoons, and trumpets each have short rhythmic figures of their own, which interplay for eight measures; the principle of repetition with virtually no melody continues throughout the first episode, each section of the band demanding its sometimes superfluous say.
There is much chattery question-and-answer between instruments in the development. Then comes a variation of the slow introduction, a regular recapitulation, and a coda that emphasizes rather excessively that the key is D major and the occasion one of celebration. The allegretto Minuet starts boldly enough, but shortly before it reaches the halfway point it comes to a modest, almost apologetic close; the process is then repeated. The Trio, a dialogue between flute and bassoon, each in unison with the first violins, has the character of a charming peasant dance.
Next follow two concertante soloistic movements, with pairs of flutes and oboes acting as solo quartet in concert with their colleagues, the main burden being carried by the first flute and first oboe. Trumpets and drums are silent but horns occasionally also play a soloistic role. The second Minuet is grandiose. Two instruments not hitherto heard show up in the two Trio sections of this Minuet.
The piccolo, two octaves above the violins, takes the lead in the folklike first trio. In the second trio a charming melody in the violins is quite overshadowed by the call of the post horn, an instrument that gives the Serenade its subtitle. A valveless brass instrument, the post horn was designed for mail-coach guards, who would use it to announce their impending approach to the next stop along the route. The occasional suspicion of a gloomy shadow is speedily dismissed, and this choice spoof ends, as did the opening movement, with too many emphatic repetitions of the D major tonic chord.
It is astonishing that Mozart, in parodying indifferent music, as he does in several movements of this serenade, should nevertheless manage to produce so fresh and delightful a work. Constanze later claimed that he had composed it for her was the year of their marriage , and Mozart himself reduced it to piano score. There is some resemblance to the Idomeneo march of the previous year, but above all this tiny piece of four-and-one-half minutes including repeats shows how generous Mozart was with his melodies. This march was probably written along with K. Like the other marches, this one is in a richly melodic sonata form.
The summer of I, his first in Vienna, was a complicated one for the twenty-six-year-old Mozart. He was eager to marry and only awaited parental approval. Leopold Mozart in Salzburg, though tardy in sending his blessing, was assiduous in his demands for compositions: This march has often been paired with the Divertimento in D major, K. The fact that the divertimento contains a bassoon part, while the march does not, presents no problem, for the bassoon could have doubled the bass line, as it does throughout the divertimento.
Recently, however, handwriting analysis has suggested a date of a year earlier, in the summer of No occasion has yet come to light to correspond to this earlier date of origin. Milan, March Scoring: They were certainly not performed in Salzburg, where Mozart returned at the end of the month, for clarinets and English horns were not available there. Both works are in nine, not ten, parts, for the second bassoon always plays in unison with the first or remains silent.
The first movement of K. The sturdy Minuet is contrasted by a legato Trio in which clarinets and horns are silent. The final Allegro is similar in mood and construction to the contredanse Finale which rounds off the companion divertimento, if a bit less boisterous. Salzburg, March 24, Scoring: This is the companion divertimento to K. The first movement is in binary form, for the exposition is immediately followed by a recapitulation in varied harmony.
The Minuet is a sturdy martial piece. The Trio for once is really a trio — for two English horns and bassoon. The Andante grazioso is a Rondo with varied instrumentation of the theme but dominated by the curious octaves of oboe and English horn.