Coming in the wake of the news that the nearby Avebury stone circle was almost totally rebuilt in the s, the revelation about Stonehenge has caused embarrassment among archaeologists. And historical research student Brian Edwards, who recently revealed that the nearby Avebury Monument had been totally rebuilt, has found rare pictures of Stonehenge being restored.
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I am astonished by how few people know about it. It is wonderful the guide book is going to tell the full story in the future. Could it be true?
So, we guess no aliens, then? Let us know your thoughts below, NerdFollowing on Twitter or on Facebook. Marc is a self-confessed nerd. A pick of deer antler was found close to the bottom of one of the holes. Interestingly, a stain of bright green the colour of corroded bronze marked a sarsen block seven feet down.
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Lady Antrobus also observed that animal bones had been found. Its partner, stone 55, was only 25 feet long and had to be held in place with a little over 4 feet of its base set in chalk. The base of the stone was found to be at a depth of 8 feet 6 inches in the ground and the surface worked with flint tools. It was beautifully set, showing great knowledge on the part of the builders … There are further questions of the raising of the two stones which fell last year, the original positions of which are accurately known, also of certain precautionary measures to be taken to prevent the falling of other stones which are in danger.
I consider this to be a false argument, as Stonehenge, if left severely alone, would soon present the appearance of a jumbled heap of ninepins, many of the stones having reached a condition when they are liable to be blown down by any gale from the west, such as the one experienced last year. William Hawley excavated at Stonehenge between and He righted six stones, enabling the removal of the unsightly larch poles which had previously been supporting them.
He set these stones in concrete beds after excavating the sockets.
In Professor Richard Atkinson and other archaeologists began a thirteen year period of excavations and restoration work at Stonehenge. In the work of lifting the west trilithon began. The two bluestones 69 and 70 , in the foreground to the left here, were removed, replaced and straightened in Indeed it is remarkable that these two stones had not fallen long before , so insecurely they were rooted in the ground. This shallow depth doubtless accounts for the absence of any well-defined ramp leading down to the holes.
In both cases, however, it was clear that the stones had been raised from the outside, that is from the northwest, or indeed approximately from the positions in which they lay after they fell.
In both holes, on the inner side, were traces of decayed anti-friction stakes which had served to protect the back of the hole from being crushed by the toe of the stone, as it was being raised. Interestingly, in the next paragraph Professor Atkinson adds some additional observations in respect of the original erection of stone 56 , which had been straightened by Professor Gowland and his team in There can be no doubt that this ramp was used in the erection of stone And for this purpose a ramp would indeed be very necessary, since the bottom of the stone hole lies about 8 ft below the present ground surface, far deeper than in the case of any of the other sarsen stones of which we have details.
The position of this ramp makes it clear that stone 56 was either put up sideways, lying initially on its narrower western edge; or else, if it originally lay flat on its broad face, must have been turned through ninety degrees after it was upright.
Either of these proceedings must have been more than ordinarily hazardous, and we can only assume that there was some very compelling reason for departing from more straight forward methods of erection. These three photographs were taken in May Concerns were raised that a bedding plane shear may destroy stone 58 as it was lifted, as a result of which the X-ray machine, which can be seen being lowered here, was used to examine it. An area was fenced-off while radio-active material was used to assess cracking in fallen stones. Lifting Bluestone 36 with block and tackle.
Notice the two mortises and fine craftsmanship.
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It was used as a lintel long before it ended up as a circle stander. It was returned to the hole after being examined. More on the current position of bluestone 36 at Stonehenge here. More on the sarsen lintel stone here. Along with crowds of onlookers, newsreel and still cameras recorded Lintel being lifted, lowered and shimmed snugly back onto the stack.
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With the west trilithon stones to be re-erected having previously been lifted aside, a broad swath of ground is clearly visible in this photograph. Bailey, senior engineer, examining the lintels over stones 19, 20 and 1 of the outer circle. These stones were not moved by Professor Atkinson but had been straightened by Professor Hawley in These stones mark the entrance to Stonehenge.
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The archaeologist Stuart Piggott can also be seen in the photograph, on his knees smoking a pipe. Bluestone 66, excavated in This spotted dolerite bluestone 66 is now a ground-level stump underneath the southern corner of fallen Stone 55b and can be seen here. The tongue on the face of the stone can be seen in this photograph. Periglacial stripes of the upper Avenue looking east. These gullies created by ice or meltwater may have played a part in the original decision to position Stonehenge at this location.
Two antlers found at the bottom of C42 seen in this image gave calibrated radiocarbon dates of cal BC. Bluestone 69 being removed to allow a crane access to lift fallen trilithon stones 57 and