The texts were subsequently "proof-read" by comparing the different recited versions.
The Vedas were likely written down for the first time around BCE. Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva. Each Veda has been subclassified into four major text types — the Samhitas mantras and benedictions , the Aranyakas text on rituals, ceremonies such as newborn baby's rites of passage, coming of age, marriages, retirement and cremation, sacrifices and symbolic-sacrifices , the Brahmanas commentaries on rituals, ceremonies and sacrifices , and the Upanishads text discussing meditation, philosophy and spiritual knowledge.
Only one version of the Rigveda is known to have survived into the modern era.
Atharvaveda Book -01
Who can here proclaim it? Whence, whence this creation sprang? Gods came later, after the creation of this universe. Who then knows whence it has arisen? Whether God's will created it, or whether He was mute; Only He who is its overseer in highest heaven knows,. The Rigveda Samhita is the oldest extant Indic text. The books were composed by poets from different priestly groups over a period of several centuries from roughly the second half of the 2nd millennium BCE the early Vedic period , starting with the Punjab Sapta Sindhu region of the northwest Indian subcontinent. Finally, the meter too is systematically arranged from jagati and tristubh to anustubh and gayatri as the text progresses.
There are similarities between the mythology, rituals and linguistics in Rigveda and those found in ancient central Asia, Iranian and Hindukush Afghanistan regions. The Samaveda Samhita  consists of stanzas, taken almost entirely except for 75 mantras from the Rigveda. Just as in the Rigveda, the early sections of Samaveda typically begin with hymns to Agni and Indra but shift to the abstract.
Their meters shift also in a descending order. The songs in the later sections of the Samaveda have the least deviation from the hymns derived from the Rigveda. In the Samaveda, some of the Rigvedic verses are repeated. The Yajurveda Samhita consists of prose mantras. The earliest and most ancient layer of Yajurveda samhita includes about 1, verses, that are distinct yet borrow and build upon the foundation of verses in Rigveda. There are two major groups of texts in this Veda: The term "black" implies "the un-arranged, motley collection" of verses in Yajurveda, in contrast to the "white" well arranged Yajurveda.
The Artharvaveda Samhita is the text 'belonging to the Atharvan and Angirasa poets. It has about hymns, and about of the hymns are in common with the Rigveda. The Atharvaveda is sometimes called the "Veda of magical formulas",  an epithet declared to be incorrect by other scholars. The Atharva veda has been a primary source for information about Vedic culture, the customs and beliefs, the aspirations and frustrations of everyday Vedic life, as well as those associated with kings and governance. The text also includes hymns dealing with the two major rituals of passage — marriage and cremation.
The Atharva Veda also dedicates significant portion of the text asking the meaning of a ritual. The Brahmanas are commentaries, explanation of proper methods and meaning of Vedic Samhita rituals in the four Vedas. The substance of the Brahmana text varies with each Veda. For example, the first chapter of the Chandogya Brahmana, one of the oldest Brahmanas, includes eight ritual suktas hymns for the ceremony of marriage and rituals at the birth of a child.
The sixth through last hymns of the first chapter in Chandogya Brahmana are ritual celebrations on the birth of a child and wishes for health, wealth, and prosperity with a profusion of cows and artha. The Aranyakas layer of the Vedas include rituals, discussion of symbolic meta-rituals, as well as philosophical speculations. Aranyakas , however, neither are homogeneous in content nor in structure. Two theories have been proposed on the origin of the word Aranyakas.
One theory holds that these texts were meant to be studied in a forest, while the other holds that the name came from these being the manuals of allegorical interpretation of sacrifices, for those in Vanaprastha retired, forest-dwelling stage of their life, according to the historic age-based Ashrama system of human life. The Upanishads reflect the last composed layer of texts in the Vedas.
Aranyakas are sometimes identified as karma-kanda ritualistic section , while the Upanishads are identified as jnana-kanda spirituality section. The Vedangas developed towards the end of the vedic period, around or after the middle of the 1st millennium BCE. These auxiliary fields of Vedic studies emerged because the language of the Vedas, composed centuries earlier, became too archaic to the people of that time.
Atharva-Veda Samhita/Book I/Hymn 15
Vedangas developed as ancillary studies for the Vedas, but its insights into meters, structure of sound and language, grammar, linguistic analysis and other subjects influenced post-Vedic studies, arts, culture and various schools of Hindu philosophy. Naturally classified with the Veda to which each pertains, Parisista works exist for each of the four Vedas. However, only the literature associated with the Atharvaveda is extensive. The term upaveda "applied knowledge" is used in traditional literature to designate the subjects of certain technical works.
The Charanavyuha mentions four Upavedas: Some post-Vedic texts, including the Mahabharata , the Natyasastra  and certain Puranas , refer to themselves as the " fifth Veda ". Combined with an epic story, tending to virtue, wealth, joy and spiritual freedom, it must contain the significance of every scripture, and forward every art. Other texts such as the Bhagavad Gita or the Vedanta Sutras are considered shruti or "Vedic" by some Hindu denominations but not universally within Hinduism.
The Bhakti movement , and Gaudiya Vaishnavism in particular extended the term veda to include the Sanskrit Epics and Vaishnavite devotional texts such as the Pancaratra. The Puranas is a vast genre of encyclopedic Indian literature about a wide range of topics particularly myths, legends and other traditional lore.
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Agni is a cosmic force with the qualities of light or knowledge and power in perfect harmony. He is the Divine Will who impels human beings to begin all the necessary activities. The first hymn of Rig Veda is addressed to Agni. This book contains the text, transliteration, translation and commentary of all the mantras in the first 34 Suktas dedicated to Agni in the first Mandala and in the 2 other Suktas of the First Mandala of Rig Veda.
A special feature of this Kanda 20 of AV is almost all of its mantra-s appear in the Rig Veda Samhita, almost vebatim. To do this task, we had to first identify the exact Rig Veda mantra which matches each Atharva Veda mantra. The existing commentaries such as that of Sayana or translations done by indologists like Whitney have not attempted this concordance.
It has been an uphill task, but has rendered our translation task very easy. Welcome o this book giving the text and translation of all the mantra-s contained in sukta-s of the first four Kanda-s of Atharva Veda Samhita. For most Hindu-s, only Upanishads are the sources of the wisdom. There are at least Upanishads, among which 12 or 13 are called as major Upanishads. If we bound them in a single book, it will be half the size of Rig Veda or less. In these books, which appeared much later than the Veda-s, the aim of human life was regarded as the realization of the highest spiritual idea, Brahman or atman.
One should not spend much time on the worldly things. A barrier was set up between the so called worldly life and spiritual life. The four Veda books were viewed as dealing with only ritual acts known as outer yajna as contrasted with the inner yajna. We do not go here about how these views originated or how they became entrenched. Thus to get some benefit from the Atharva Veda, we have to understand the fundamental axioms or ideas on which it is based.
There are several commentaries in Sanskrit on the four Veda-s, and several English translations of all the four veda-s, some done in the twentieth century. Welcome to this book giving the text and translation of all mantra-s in the three Kanda-s, five, six and seven of Atharva Veda Samhita. Welcome to the first of the volumes of translations of the Atharva Veda Mantra Samhita.
It has 20 Kanda-s with about 6, mantra-s mostly metrical Riks. This book giving the text and translation of all the mantra-s in the three Kanda-s, 8 through The current edition has verses along with their meanings. This edition has seven highlights briefly mentioned below. This book of 29 chapters has been divided into three parts. The first four convey the essential greatness of the Gita. The second part with its six chapters are answers given by TVK to numerous questions, many of them sharp. The remaining 19 chapters give the overviews of the eighteen chapters of the BG.
The chapter overviews are the best I have seen. Many persons felt that Arjuna has only a choice between two ethical contraries namely either practice ahimsa so thar you are not part of the destruction and the sin of killing teachers or fight against the evil-doers.
Atharva-Veda Samhita/Book III/Hymn 15 - Wikisource, the free online library
It is said that Arjuna opts to fight since Krishna assures him victory. TVK says that this conclusion is not correct because Sri Krishna had promised victory before the war started. If Arjuna regarded his decision as one of ethical expediency, he would not have said in BG Every line of the four chapters of part I throws fresh light and makes us ponder over them.
This book throws light the on views and achievements of the Vedic age which are relevant even today. The Atharva Veda gives unique principles of education, health and longevity, family life, vastu, polity and governance, selection of spouse, marriage etc. This book is response to such requests. The focus of this book is on the light that Yajur Veda gives us to enrich the human potential and enhance the quality of life. This booklet contains the Ashirvachana-s, reviews and Forewords written to the three volumes of KYTS published during — and 12 volumes of Rig Veda, published during — A book of the same title was published in , and reprinted in , now is a part of the Volume 1 of the Collected Works of TVK.
But the present book contains all the essays in it and several others on the Veda which are in other volumes of the Collected Works of TVK. The first step in this plan is to bring out the books dealing with Veda. The main book Siddhanjana which is now in Volumes 4, 5 and 6 of the Collected Works. It gives extensive translation and commentry of the first sukta-s of Rig Veda with mantra-s.
One of the great achivements of the book is that it gives extensive cross referencing for the ideas presented therein with the mantra-s in the other 9 Mandala-s where the same ideas are mentioned in a different way. We do not have to go to the Brahmana books or the Purana books. Ganapati or Brahmanaspati is a Cosmic power. He leads the aspirants on th Divine path appropriate to that person.
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He removes all the obstacles in the path. Obstacle is something that obstructs human movement or progress. Chanting them with faith suggests a course of action. We are pleased to present to our readers the book authored by the eminent savant and scholar, Prof.
Hence the first mantra he chose from Rig Veda for commentary is this Gayatri Mantra. We have rearranged the chapters to amke the book user friendly. The book is aimed both at the beginners and at those already familiar with the mantra. The book explicitly and distinctly gives the twentyfour syllables of the mantra and also the associated deities.
SKR wants us to meditate on each syllable before beginning the study. This book gives the mantra-s and the associated healing remedies, available in Rig Veda Samhit and Atharva Veda samhita. This book having 27 chapters is in 4 sections. Section I having 3 chapters gives the overviews. The first chapter delineates some issues connected with Holistic health.
Moderns views health as a condition to be free of diseases which are assumed to originate with micro-organisms like virus or bacteria. Since there are billions of virus or bacteria, our natural state, which can be maintained with some care. Of course they were aware of various types of diseases. They suggested not only herbal remedies but also the sonic therapy, i. Of course, the role of faith or shraddha is very important, as described in chapter 3. The section II having 15 chapters gives the healing mantra-s associated with various cosmic powers such as the Sun, Prana vata, or wind , Waters, Rudra or Shiva, Soma Ashvins etc.
Atharvaveda Book -02
There are mantra-s useful in specific cases like childbirth, the onset of sleep etc. Section III having 3 chapters mentions some alternaive therepies like the use of mani or amulets, Agnihotra and the Japanese healing method Reiki, all of which use mantra-s. Section IV having 6 chapters discusses some related topics such as rejuvenation, trees and herbs, the recovery of persons near death and some traditional and nontraditional clues for being healthy.
The important point is that miracles can be performed by ordinary persons y having intense faith. The last chapter gives the goal of all the vedic sages namely all-sided perfection. We should achieve perfection not only with the body and physical things, but also with psychological aspects such as good and cheerful speech and creativity in all aspects of work one does. It is also called as divinising life. Life is viewed as an upward journey from one level of perfection to the next higher level of perfection.
This book explains about 38 mantras from Rig Veda dealing with the manifestation of bliss in everyone. Step by step explanation about how to prepare ourselves for bliss and sustaining it. This book is our response to the request of some of our readers for a book on the topics of creation, the world of ancient fathers, heaven and facts of after-life as detailed in the Veda. In the market there are popular books dealing with creation and after-life, claiming that their sources is Veda, even though the Veda does not support some of the ideas therein.
Hence there was a request for the complete text of the relevant Veda mantra-s along with their translation. The text is in Devanagari script, some verses have also the text in Roman English script. This book is divided into two parts. Part I deals with the topics of Creation; it has 85 Veda mantra-s and three prose passages from the associated vedic books such as Brahmana, Aranyaka and Upanishad. The Part II deals with the topics of Heaven, the world of ancient fathers, statements in Veda about after-life the condition after the event of death ; the chapter 24 focuses on some of the popular beliefs on after-life which are not in the Veda mantra-s.
Thus the book has in all mantra-s along with three prose passages. Indra, the lord of the Divine Mind, helps human beings develop the abilities for mental formation and associated actions. Indra is primarily the deity who gives the appropriate knowledge to human beings so that they can perform all their actions. Actions are not limited to those on the physical plane, i. They include the actions done at inner levels also, the inner vital, inner physical, etc. This book describes the powers of Indra relevant for us today using about one hundred mantras from the Rig Veda and Yajur Veda.
We are happy to publish this book, the second part of the translation of the Taittiriya Aranyaka TA in English. TA excluding Upanishads has 6 Prashna-s or Prapathaka. In , we published the translation of the four prashna-s namely one, two, three and six labelled Part One, This book labelled Part Two has the translation of the two remaining prashna-s namely four and five. There were repeated requests for this book after the appearance of the first part. Even though all the five Vedas have their own Aranyaka, the Taittiriya Aranyaka associated with the Krishna Yajur Veda is the only one having rik mantras and thus it deserves our special attention.
The fifth prashna has no mantras, it is completely in prose. It is called as a Brahmana since it has only explanations on all the 42 anuvaka-s of the fourth prashna. This fifth prashna has only 12 anuvaka-s. This book is not easy for translation because for every anuvaka of the fourth Prashna, we have to find out the passages in the fifth prashna which gives an explanation of the relevant fourth prashna prashna anuvaka. The brief passages with heading Kalpa KP deals with some details of rituals in the context of the mantras mentioned earlier. For instance, after 4. Similarly there is a KP after 4.
Whenever Rig Veda mantra-s appear such 5. This book gives a detailed discussion of the six vidyas, four from the Chhandogya Upanishad. We know of no other book which explains certain aspects of the ancient and voluminous upanishad, Chhandogya, in such a great detail. Om is potent word. Om is one letter mantra. Om is the foot-hold of man. Transformation is possible through Omkara.
Omkara leads to enlightenment. The author has narrated the theory and practice of OM. The books help to learn the art of breathing for healthy living and well being. Deals with the rationale of Pranayama, correcting incorrect breathing habits, yoga-nidra, panic charging, yoga for eyes etc. Sanskrit text, transliteration and translation The prayers in this book are meant for those who are interested in cultivating a direct relationship with the Devine. Clearly the Purusha Sukta is the most well-known hymn in all the Vedas. But its deep meaning has not been explained in some detail anywhere using the traditional sources.
It is hoped that by presenting this traditional interpretation, many of the misconception will be removed. It is worthwhile emphasizing that the material found in this book is not easily available elsewhere. Professor Rao has refrained from explaining topics which can be found elsewhere. This book contains the text, the translation and inner menings of the one hundred mantra-s of Rig Veda dedicated to the Rbhu-s, the divine artisans of immortality.
All these mantra-s are chanted and widely used during the construction of Hindu temples and the installation of the deities. The temples are constructed under the direction of stapati-s, the traditional architects of the templesw. The details are in wellknown texts known as shilpa shastra-s such as kashyapa shilpa shastra-s. The well known scholar Dr. Gnanananda has rendered them into Kannada. There are also English translations pf parts of these shastra-s. This book has the translation of all the mantras in the Suktas of the Seventh Mandala of Rig Veda along with the text and some explanation.
All the mantras of this Mandala are associated with the Rishi Vasishtha. This book has mantra-s of the Mandala one. We are happy to present to our readers the translation of the mantra-s of the 71 sukta-s 1. The format of the translation is same as that in the translation of all other Rig Veda Mandala-s focusing on the four or more pada-s of each mantra individually. The list in essay v groups the sukta-s by deity. Thus a reader who is interested in a particular deity like Agni can go directly to the relevant sukta-s.
Among the ten Mandalas of Rig Veda, the tenth Mandala has considerable attraction for many persons since it contains several suktas or hymns which are widely used or widely referred to such as the Purusha hymn, the hymn of creation, the hymn of the Goddess of Speech Vak , the suktas dealing with health and healing etc.
We are happy to present here the mantras contained in suktas of the tenth mandala along with the text, translation and explanation. The primary aim of our book is to make the translation understandable to lovers of Veda in all walks of life, not necessarily academics or the experts in English language. We are happy to present the translation of all the mantra-s in the 43 Sukta-s of the Second Mandala of Rig Veda along with the text and some explanation about the meanings of words.
Most of the mantra-s were revealed to the Bhargava Shaunaka. This book has the translation of all the mantra-s in the 62 Sukta-s of the Third Mandala of Rig Veda along with the text and some explanation. All the mantra-s of this mandala are associated with the Rishi Vishvamira or his father Gathi Kaushika or the sons of Vishvamitra.
Most persons who have some knowledge of the epic Ramayana or the Puranas are aware of the confrontation between Vishvamitra before he became a rishi and Rishi Vasishtha. There is no mention of this fight either in this Mandala seven due to the Rishi Vasishtha. We have to understand this fight in a symbolic way. The primary aim of our book is to make the translation understandable to lovers of Veda in all walks of life, not limited to academics or the experts in English language. We request and urge our readers to read the first 2 essays in the Part II of the book, Appendices, whose titles are listed here: The Basic ideas in 1.
This book has the translation of all the mantras in the 58 Suktas of the Fourth Mandala of Rig Veda along with the text and some explanation.
Sprituality is a word with many connotations. The meaning of spirituality used here is given in the box in p. We request and urge our readers to read the first six essays in the Part II of the book, Appendices, whose titles are listed here:. This books contains the translation of all the mantras of the fifth Mandala of Rig Veda along with brief explanations. This book has the translation of all the mantras in the 75 Suktas of the Sixth Mandala of Rig Veda along with the text and some explanation.
Those readers who do not know Sanskrit can skip the footnotes in Devanagari script and read only the main body of text in English. So please be patient. To Indra and Agni, for the detection and destruction of evil spirits. To Indra, Brihaspati, Soma and Agni, for the destruction of sorcerers. A prayer to Lightning, against fever, headache, and cough. A prayer for the prosperity of an institutor of sacrifice. A charm to avert evil spirits of misfortune and to secure prosperity.
A prayer for protection from arrows and for the punishment of enemies. A prayer to Soma, the Maruts, Mitra, and Varuna, for protection. A charm to ensure long life and glory to the wearer of an amulet. A charm to ensure health and prosperity by wearing an amulet. Counter-charm, with an amulet, against an enemy's spell. A prayer for vengeance on a malicious rival worshipper. A charm against enemies, goblins, and other evil creatures. A prayer or charm for the defeat and destruction of enemies in battle. A King's address to an amulet which is to strengthen his authority.
Address to an amulet which is to secure the defeat of the wearer's enemies. A charm with an amulet of buck horn to drive away hereditary disease. A charm to secure the submission, love, and fidelity of kinsmen. A glorification of the office of a king's household priest. In honour of fire in all shapes, to appease Agni of the funeral pile and to quench the flames of cremation. The taming and training of an elephant for a king to ride on. A charm to remove a woman's sterility, and to assure the birth of boys. A charm consigning an enemy to the serpents for punishment.
A charm to change the ill-omened birth of twin calves into a blessing. On the means to obtain immunity from taxation in the next world. A prayer or charm to secure love and concord in a family. Cosmogonical and mystico-theological doctrine Hymn 2: To the unknown God. A Charm against tigers, wolves, thieves and other noxious creatures. A charm addressed to a precious ointment for safety and wealth.
A charm accompanying investiture with an amulet of shell. A glorification of the sacrificial gharma or milk caldron. A counter-charm and charm to secure general protection. A charm for the acquisition of superhuman powers of sight. Magnification of the Odana or oblation of milk and rice. A charm against fiends, human enemies, and other pests. A prayer to various deities for health, wealth, and prosperity.
A prayer to Agni, Indra, and other deities for victory and prosperity. A charm for the discomfiture and destruction of hostile priests. A prayer to Heaven and Earth for protection and assistance. A prayer to the presiding deities of the four quarters for protection. A hymn to the War-drum and various deities for victory. A prayer to various deities for protection and prosperity.
A prayer to Agni and Indra for the well being of a princely patron. A prayer to Soma and other gods for help and protection. A charm to remove pustules or scrofulous swellings apachitas. A charm to avert misfortune foreshown by the coming of a dove.