Two reasons are stated in relation to God the Son:. By His death Christ removed the barrier that separates mankind from God. The same truth is declared in the following verses. This was to demonstrate his righteousness, because God in his forbearance had passed over the sins previously committed. No, but by the principle of faith!
He passed through the greater and more perfect tent not made with hands, that is, not of this creation, 12 and he entered once for all into the most holy place not by the blood of goats and calves but by his own blood, and so he himself secured eternal redemption. But now he has appeared once for all at the consummation of the ages to put away sin by his sacrifice.
The second argument of Romans 8: Holy Father, keep them safe in your name that you have given me, so that they may be one just as we are one. Through the protection of our heavenly Father, whose holiness has been perfectly satisfied by the death of His Son, we are kept by:. Salvation depends upon God to bring it to pass, not us. Nothing, not even our sin, can frustrate the eternal and sovereign purpose of God who determined to save us by grace through faith in His Son.
We are kept for the sake of the Son and His perfect work for our sin. He does not disown us; He disciplines us. For what son is there that a father does not discipline? But later it produces the fruit of peace and righteousness for those trained by it. And I have already judged the one who did this, just as though I were present.
Sin does not change our relationship to God as His children though it does affect our fellowship, the intimacy of our walk with God, our ability to serve Him, and the rewards we will receive in the future kingdom. And the fire will test what kind of work each has done. He himself will be saved, but only as through fire.
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Jude 24 Now to the one who is able to keep you from falling, and to cause you to stand, rejoicing, without blemish before his glorious presence,. If believers could lose their salvation, it would mean the body of Christ could and would be maimed. This is foreign to Scripture. Yet, he affirmed the fact of their salvation and the presence of the Holy Spirit in their lives. Whether Jews or Greeks or slaves or free, we were all made to drink of the one Spirit.
Therefore glorify God with your body. Regeneration refers to the impartation of spiritual and eternal life which makes us new creatures in Christ. This can never change. First, it is based on the work of the Son, not our works. And second, as physical birth makes one a child of his parents forever, so spiritual birth does the same. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit. He gave his one and only Son, so that everyone who believes in him will not perish but have eternal life. The one who does not believe has been condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the one and only Son of God.
As mentioned previously, rather than disown a disobedient child, God disciplines his children. At times it may even be to the point of physical death, but believers still remain His children cf. This refers to the gift of the Holy Spirit to indwell the believer which was promised by our Lord as a permanent indwelling. The Spirit is given forever and given without conditions other than faith in Christ. This is a description of the Holy Spirit from the standpoint of what He is to the believer through His indwelling. A seal in ancient times was a sign and proof of: In this case it is God and He has promised not to do so.
As a result, Paul declares that even the carnal Christians at Corinth belonged to God as a result of this finished transaction of their salvation in Christ. This forms another picture of what the Holy Spirit is to believers in Christ. Spirit baptism joins the believer into union with Christ.
This becomes the new spiritual position of the believer. This calls attention to the fact the Bible emphasizes we are saved and accepted through our position in or union with Christ. If we died with him, we will also live with him. If we deny him, he will also deny us. This is a place not only of security, but of double security! Our union with Christ is a guarantee of glory.
Simply stated, if God did so much for us while we were sinners, completely alienated and enemies of God before salvation, how much more will He not do for us now that we have been reconciled and stand related to Him as His children who have been justified, declared righteous in Christ? A specific and wonderful promise from the Lord is that no one and this must include Satan or ourselves can remove us from either the hand of the Son or the Father. The meaning of the perfect tense in Greek combined with the context and the analogy of Scripture forms another argument for the security of the believer.
God created birds with two wings, so that they could fly straight. Biblical truth is also balanced in the same way. When considering the doctrine of eternal security, we must find a balance between the two great truths of the sovereignty of God and the free will of man. God has given man a free will and never forces anyone to choose Him. But He knows from all eternity who will choose Him and who will not.
So His election of some people as His children is based on His foreknowledge as made clear in 1 Pet. God created the planets without freedom of choice. And so, even though they have obeyed God's laws implicitly for thousands of years, they cannot be either holy or sinful or God's children. God created the animals however, with a free will. But they have no conscience. And so they too cannot be holy or sinful or God's children.
But when God created man, He gave him both a free will and a conscience.
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Therefore, man can be either holy or sinful and can choose to become a child of God. If God were to take away our conscience , we would become like the animals - incapable of moral choice and therefore incapable of being holy or sinful.
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If God were to take away our free will , we would become like robots and again we would be incapable of being holy or sinful. So God never takes away our free will even after we become believers. We must recognize this truth if we are to understand the doctrine of eternal security aright. The teaching that it is impossible for believers to fall away from God, reduces believers to robots, who have no freedom of choice.
He does not desire an obedience that is forced. That is why He never takes away our freedom of choice. We can choose to follow Christ and later choose to forsake Him, if we so wish. Forgiveness of sins is a wonderful, free gift of God. But a person has to choose it, in order to receive it. God never forces it on anyone. If God had thrust forgiveness on people, then everyone in the world would have been forgiven and saved. It is the same with being filled with the Holy Spirit. God does not force believers to be filled with His Spirit. They must choose to ask for it John 7: God's promises are never fulfilled automatically.
The promises of God are all Yes in Christ. But we must add our Amen to them by our free will, if we are to receive and experience them See 2 Cor. But only the first of those two promises was fulfilled in the lives of those elders, because they believed only the first and did not believe the second Num. The promises of God will not be automatically fulfilled in our lives. We must believe them, if we are to receive them. As James says, we must ask in faith without any doubting, for the one who doubts is like the surf of the sea, driven and tossed by the wind.
Such a man will receive nothing from the Lord James 1: Work out your salvation with fear and trembling; for it is God Who is at work in you , both to will and to work for His good pleasure. Here we see that it is God Who first works in us by giving us the desire and the ability to do His will. That is one part of the truth. That is the other half of the truth. To have the whole truth, we need both wings. If we accept only one wing, we will keep going round in circles!! We can experience the salvation spoken of in the above verses, only if we work out what God works in.
One proof of this can be seen in the very next verse, where we are told to do ALL things without grumbling and complaining Phil. How many believers can testify that they have been saved from ALL grumbling and complaining? Can you testify to that yourself? If you cannot, that is NOT because God is not working in you to save you from those sins.
By that standard, are you proving to the world around you, that you are a child of God? It is God Who grants people the ability to repent Acts But He wants everyone to repent 2 Pet. Outside Calvinist denominations this doctrine is widely considered to be flawed. Calvinists also believe that all who are born again and justified before God necessarily and inexorably proceed to sanctification. Failure to proceed to sanctification in their view is considered by some as evidence that the person in question was never truly saved to begin with.
They whom God hath accepted in His Beloved, effectually called and sanctified by his Spirit, can neither totally nor finally fall away from the state of grace; but shall certainly persevere therein to the end, and be eternally saved. This definition does not deny the possibility of failings in one's Christian experience, because the Confession also says:. Nevertheless [believers] may, through the temptations of Satan and of the world, the prevalency of corruption remaining in them, and the neglect of the means of their preservation, fall into grievous sins; and for a time continue therein; whereby they incur God's displeasure, and grieve his Holy Spirit: Theologian Charles Hodge summarizes the thrust of the Calvinist doctrine:.
Perseverance…is due to the purpose of God [in saving men and thereby bringing glory to his name], to the work of Christ [in canceling men's debt and earning their righteousness ], to the indwelling of the Holy Spirit [in sealing men in salvation and leading them in God's ways], and to the primal source of all, the infinite, mysterious, and immutable love of God. On a practical level, Calvinists do not claim to know who is elect and who is not, and the only guide they have is the verbal testimony and good works or "fruit" of each individual.
Essentially, Reformed doctrine believes that the same God whose power justified the Christian believer is also at work in the continued sanctification of that believer. Thus, all who are truly born again are kept by God the Father for Jesus Christ, and can neither totally nor finally fall from the state of grace, but will persevere in their faith to the end, and be eternally saved.
While Reformed theologians acknowledge that true believers at times will fall into sin, they maintain that a real believer in Jesus Christ cannot abandon one's own personal faith to the dominion of sin. They base their understanding on key scriptural passages such as Christ's words, "By their fruit you will know them" [Mt 7: Anyone who does not do what is right is not a child of God.
Hodges , Bill Bright , and others. This view, like the traditional Calvinist view, emphasizes that people are saved purely by an act of divine grace that does not depend at all on the deeds of the individual, and for that reason, advocates insist that nothing the person can do can affect his or her salvation. The Free Grace doctrine views the person's character and life after receiving the gift of salvation as independent from the gift itself, which is the main point of differentiation from the traditional Calvinist view, or, in other words, it asserts that justification that is, being declared righteous before God on account of Christ does not necessarily result in sanctification that is, a progressively more righteous life.
Charles Stanley, pastor of Atlanta's megachurch First Baptist and a television evangelist, has written that the doctrine of eternal security of the believer persuaded him years ago to leave his familial Pentecostalism and become a Southern Baptist. He sums up his deep conviction that salvation is by faith alone in Christ alone when he claims, "Even if a believer for all practical purposes becomes an unbeliever, his salvation is not in jeopardy… believers who lose or abandon their faith will retain their salvation.
Look at that verse [ John 3: According to Jesus, what must a person do to keep from being judged for sin? Must he stop doing something? Must he promise to stop doing something? Must he have never done something? The answer is so simple that many stumble all over it without ever seeing it. All Jesus requires is that the individual "believe in" Him.
In a chapter entitled "For Those Who Stop Believing", he says, "The Bible clearly teaches that God's love for His people is of such magnitude that even those who walk away from the faith have not the slightest chance of slipping from His hand p. We are saved because at a moment in time we expressed faith in our enduring Lord" p. The doctrine sees the work of salvation as wholly monergistic, which is to say that God alone performs it and man has no part in the process beyond receiving it, and therefore, proponents argue that man cannot undo what they believe God has done.
By comparison, in traditional Calvinism, people, who are otherwise unable to follow God, are enabled by regeneration to cooperate with him, and so the Reformed tradition sees itself as mediating between the total monergism of the non-traditional Calvinist view and the synergism of the Wesleyan , Arminian , and Roman Catholic views in which even unregenerate man can choose to cooperate with God in salvation.
The traditional Calvinist doctrine teaches that a person is secure in salvation because he or she was predestined by God, whereas in the Free Grace or non-traditional Calvinist views, a person is secure because at some point in time he or she has believed the Gospel message Dave Hunt, What Love is This , p.
Both traditional Calvinism and traditional Arminianism have rejected Free Grace theology. Reformed theology has uniformly asserted that "no man is a Christian who does not feel some special love for righteousness" Institutes ,  and therefore sees Free Grace theology, which allows for the concept of a "carnal Christian" or even an "unbelieving Christian", as a form of radical antinomianism. Arminianism, which has always believed true believers can give themselves completely over to sin, has also rejected the Free Grace view for the opposite reason of Calvinism: Free Grace theology struggles to maintain a middle ground, hoping to grasp the permancy of salvation Calvinism with one hand, while maintaining a true believer can still give up faith and choose to live a life of sin and unbelief Arminianism.
Both Calvinists and Arminians appeal to Biblical passages such as 1 Cor.
Otherwise, you have believed in vain" , Hebrews 3: If we disown him, he will also disown us". In addition to fitting neatly in the overarching Calvinist soteriology , Reformed and Free Grace advocates alike find specific support for the doctrine in various passages from the Bible:. Some Calvinists admit that their interpretation is not without difficulties. One apparent consequence is that not all who "have shared in the Holy Spirit" [Acts This is a consequence Calvinists are willing to accept since the Bible also says that King Saul had the "Spirit of God" in some sense and even prophesied by it, [1Sam Some challenge the Calvinist doctrine based on their interpretation of the admonishments in the book of Hebrews, including several passages in the Book of Hebrews ,  but especially Hebrews 6: The debate over these passages centers around the identity of the persons in question.
While opponents of perseverance identify the persons as Christian believers, Calvinists suggest several other options:. In general, proponents of the doctrine of perseverance interpret such passages, which urge the church community to persevere in the faith but seem to indicate that some members of the community might fall away, as encouragement to persevere rather than divine warnings. That is, they view the prophets and apostles as writing "from the human perspective", in which the members of the elect are unknowable and all should "work out [their] own salvation" [Phil 2: The primary objection to this Calvinist approach is that it might equally be said that these difficult passages are intended to be divine warnings to believers who do not persevere, rather than a revealing of God's perpetual grace towards believers.
The passage is understood by some to mean that "falling away" from an active commitment to Christ may cause one to lose their salvation, after they have attained salvation either according to the Reformed or Free Grace theology. However, numerous conservative Bible scholars do not believe the passage refers to a Christian losing genuinely attained salvation.
For it is impossible, in the case of those who have once been enlightened, who have tasted the heavenly gift, and have shared in the Holy Spirit, and have tasted the goodness of the word of God and the powers of the age to come, and then have fallen away, to restore them again to repentance, since they are crucifying once again the Son of God to their own harm and holding him up to contempt. For land that has drunk the rain that often falls on it, and produces a crop useful to those for whose sake it is cultivated, receives a blessing from God.
Perseverance of the saints
But if it bears thorns and thistles, it is worthless and near to being cursed, and its end is to be burned. The primary objection lodged against the doctrine is that such teaching will lead to license. That is, objectors contend that if people know they can never lose their salvation they will feel free to sin without fear of eternal consequences.
Traditional Calvinists see this charge as being justly leveled against the Free Grace doctrine, which doesn't see sanctification as a necessary component of salvation, and in the controversy over Lordship salvation , traditional Calvinists argued against the proponents of the Free Grace doctrine. Traditional Calvinists, and many other non-Calvinist evangelicals, posit that a truly converted heart will necessarily follow after God and live in accordance with his precepts, though perfection is not achievable, struggles with sin will continue, and some temporary "backsliding" may occur.
The central tenet of the Arminian view is that although believers are preserved from all external forces that might attempt to separate them from God, they have the free will to separate themselves from God. Although God will not change His mind about a believer's salvation, a believer can willingly repudiate faith either by express denial of faith or by continued sinful activity combined with an unwillingness to repent.